Home automation or home mechanization is the most extensively attained system all through the country. The popularity it has gained is mainly due to the innumerable advantages which it offers to its users.
Home mechanization system has been evolving rapidly in many forms for some years now. From the uncomplicated intruder alarm to the more complex mechanization of multimedia appliances, this surely deserves to be referred to as one of the very innovative ideas which the world has come across.
Any kind of electronically or electrically powered device or appliance can make use of the home mechanization system. The main idea behind the whole process is to make control all manually operated appliances in a programmed manner under any given situation.
Prior to this system being used in homes, this was used significantly in big offices and huge buildings. The main difference between home automation and building automation is that the former is very simple while the latter is quite complex. It becomes easy to maneuver many appliances when the mechanization system is employed in big structures.
Almost all electronic appliances at home can be mechanized. Beginning from the lighting and heating system to the safety alarm, everything can be automated. In the current era, this mechanization system can also be used for electrical machines, televisions and other components.
Home mechanization can be wireless. In case of buildings under construction, permanent wires may be fixed to the walls and can then be connected to chief controller. Wireless mechanization is the best option when it comes to houses where it is not possible to fix wires.
Home mechanization has grown into a huge field now and there are specialists available to take care of all your home automation problems and provide solutions. They can be sought through the internet or otherwise.
Given below is the list of the most frequently automated equipments at home:
The most commonly mechanized device is the audio system. Conventionally, audio systems are always positioned at a fixed place in the house which is often the function room or the living room. Such devices can be automated in such a way that one can listen to music at any given time without disturbing the others by placing and connecting the speakers accordingly. Inversely, all the members can listen to music at the same time if needed. This is referred to as multi-zone audio system.
HVAC can be elaborated as Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. It is also referred to as climate control. In case, refrigeration is also included in this mechanization system, it would be termed HVAC+R. all the appliances in this process can be automated by using several schemes. Once this system is adopted, it is not necessary to maneuver the appliances for setting the temperature, humidity and other related factors. For instance, the air conditioner can be automated in such a way that it switches on once the room temperature reaches a certain level. The same technique can be used for all the other appliances which are contained in the HVAC+R system.
This is an electronically operated communication device which is used for local purposes. The working of an intercom is similar to the working of a telephone. However, its operation is confined to the building or its location. It is used in homes to communicate between rooms. Automation of the intercom will facilitate features such as two ways or three way calling.
Lighting systems are maneuvered in almost all the cases as it comprises of only two steps namely OFF and ON. However, even this system can be mechanized to perform the required task at the stipulated time. For instance, the lighting system can be automated to switch on at a certain time every day and to switch off after a particular period of time as dawn strikes. The system can also be mechanized according to the brightness needed at different times of the day. This is programmed in such a way that once the room occupancy is exceeded after a particular level, the lighting system would automatically increase the brightness.
There are more such home appliances which can be mechanized according to our wants and needs.